Pursuant to the reapportionment following the census, New England collectively has 33 electoral votes. The following table presents the vote percentage for the popular-vote winner for each New England state, New England as a whole, and the United States as a whole, in each presidential election from to , with the vote percentage for the Republican candidate shaded in red and the vote percentage for the Democratic candidate shaded in blue:.
Judging purely by party registration rather than voting patterns, New England today is one of the most Democratic regions in the U. This changed in the late 20th century, in large part due to demographic shifts  and the Republican Party's adoption of socially conservative platforms as part of their strategic shift towards the South. Maine and Vermont were the only two states in the nation to vote against Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt all four times he ran for president. Republicans in New England are today considered by both liberals and conservatives to be more moderate socially liberal compared to Republicans in other parts of the U.
Historically, the New Hampshire primary has been the first in a series of nationwide political party primary elections held in the United States every four years. Held in the state of New Hampshire , it usually marks the beginning of the U. Even though few delegates are chosen from New Hampshire, the primary has always been pivotal to both New England and American politics. One college in particular, Saint Anselm College , has been home to numerous national presidential debates and visits by candidates to its campus.
New England contains some of the oldest and most renowned institutions of higher learning in the United States and the world. Harvard College was the first such institution, founded in at Cambridge, Massachusetts to train preachers. Yale University was founded in Saybrook , Connecticut in , and awarded the nation's first doctoral PhD degree in Yale moved to New Haven, Connecticut in , where it has remained to the present day. Brown University was the first college in the nation to accept students of all religious affiliations, and is the seventh oldest U.
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It was founded in Providence, Rhode Island in Dartmouth College was founded five years later in Hanover, New Hampshire with the mission of educating the local American Indian population as well as English youth. The University of Vermont , the fifth oldest university in New England, was founded in , the same year that Vermont joined the Union. At the pre-college level, New England is home to a number of American independent schools also known as private schools.
The concept of the elite "New England prep school " preparatory school and the " preppy " lifestyle is an iconic part of the region's image.
New England is home to some of the oldest public schools in the nation. Boston Latin School is the oldest public school in America and was attended by several signatories of the Declaration of Independence. As of , the National Education Association ranked Connecticut as having the highest-paid teachers in the country.
Massachusetts and Rhode Island ranked eighth and ninth, respectively. These states can compare the resultant scores with each other. Some of its institutions lead the open access alternative to conventional academic publication, including MIT , the University of Connecticut , and the University of Maine. New England has a shared heritage and culture primarily shaped by waves of immigration from Europe.
Today, New England is the least religious region of the U. In , less than half of those polled in Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont claimed that religion was an important part of their daily lives. Many of the first European colonists of New England had a maritime orientation toward whaling first noted about  and fishing, in addition to farming. New England has developed a distinct cuisine , dialect , architecture , and government.
New England cuisine has a reputation for its emphasis on seafood and dairy; clam chowder , lobster, and other products of the sea are among some of the region's most popular foods. New England has largely preserved its regional character, especially in its historic places. The enduring European influence can be seen in the region in the use of traffic rotaries , the bilingual French and English towns of northern Vermont, Maine, and New Hampshire, the region's heavy prevalence of English town- and county-names, and its unique, often non- rhotic coastal dialect reminiscent of southeastern England.
Within New England, many names of towns and a few counties repeat from state to state, primarily due to settlers throughout the region having named their new towns after their old ones. For example, the town of North Yarmouth, Maine was named by settlers from Yarmouth, Massachusetts , which was in turn named for Great Yarmouth in England. There are several American English accents spoken in the region normally north of Connecticut , including New England English and its derivative known as the Boston accent ,  which is native to the northeastern coastal regions of New England.
The most identifiable features of the Boston accent are believed [ by whom? Another source was 17th century speech in East Anglia and Lincolnshire where many of the Puritan immigrants originated. The Boston accent and those accents closely related to it cover eastern Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine. Some Rhode Islanders speak with a non-rhotic accent that many compare to a " Brooklyn " accent or a cross between a New York and Boston accent, where "water" becomes "wata". Contra dancing and country square dancing are popular throughout New England, usually backed by live Irish, Acadian, or other folk music.
Fife and drum corps are common, especially in southern New England and more specifically Connecticut , with music of mostly Celtic, English, and local origin. Traditional knitting , quilting , and rug hooking circles in rural New England have become less common; church , sports, and town government are more typical social activities.
These traditional gatherings are often hosted in individual homes or civic centers. New England leads the U. New England was an important center of American classical music for some time. Prominent modernist composers also come from the region, including Charles Ives and John Adams. Quincy, Massachusetts native Dick Dale helped popularize surf rock.
New England Cable News is the largest regional hour cable news network in the U. New Englanders are well represented in American comedy. Writers for The Simpsons and late-night television programs often come by way of the Harvard Lampoon.
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SNL cast member Seth Meyers once attributed the region's imprint on American humor to its "sort of wry New England sense of pointing out anyone who's trying to make a big deal of himself", with the Boston Globe suggesting that irony and sarcasm are its trademarks, as well as Irish influences.
The literature of New England has had an enduring influence on American literature in general, with themes that are emblematic of the larger concerns of American letters, such as religion, race, the individual versus society, social repression, and nature.
Boston was the center of the American publishing industry for some years, largely on the strength of its local writers and before it was overtaken by New York in the middle of the nineteenth century. Boston remains the home of publishers Houghton Mifflin and Pearson Education , and it was the longtime home of literary magazine The Atlantic Monthly. Merriam-Webster is based in Springfield, Massachusetts. Higgins wrote about life in the New England criminal underworld, while H. Lovecraft set many of his works of horror in his native Rhode Island. New England has a rich history in filmmaking dating back to the dawn of the motion picture era at the turn of the 20th century, sometimes dubbed Hollywood East by film critics.
A theater at Washington Street in Boston was the second location to debut a picture projected by the Vitascope , and shortly thereafter several novels were being adapted for the screen and set in New England, including The Scarlet Letter and The House of Seven Gables. The New England area became known for a number of themes that recurred in films made during this era, including the development of yankee characters, smalltown life contrasted with city values, seafaring tales, family secrets, and haunted New England.
Since the turn of the millennium, Boston and the greater New England region have been home to the production of numerous films and television series, thanks in part to tax incentive programs put in place by local governments to attract filmmakers to the region. A full list of those from Massachusetts can be found here , and a listing of notable films and television series produced in the area here.
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Two popular American sports were invented in New England: Morgan , in Holyoke, Massachusetts. The major professional sports teams in New England are based in Massachusetts: Hartford had professional hockey team the Hartford Whalers from until they moved to North Carolina in New England is also home to the Worcester Blades , Boston Pride , and the Connecticut Whale which represent three of the five professional women's hockey teams in the United States.
The Springfield Armor in Springfield, Massachusetts previously played in the region.
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Thanksgiving Day high school football rivalries date back to the 19th century, and the Harvard-Yale rivalry " The Game " is the oldest rivalry in college football. The Boston Marathon is run on Patriots' Day every year; it is a New England cultural institution and the oldest annual marathon in the world. The race offers far less prize money than many other marathons, but its difficulty and long history make it one of the world's most prestigious marathons.
Amtrak provides interstate rail service throughout New England. Boston is the northern terminus of the Northeast Corridor. The long-distance Lake Shore Limited train has two eastern termini after splitting in Albany , one of which is Boston. This provides rail service on the former Boston and Albany Railroad , which runs between its namesake cities.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the region in North America. For other uses, see New England disambiguation.
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History of New England. Geology of New England. Climate of New England. Demographics of New England. List of cities by population in New England. Economy of New England. Town meeting and New England town. Politics of New England. Elections in New England. List of colleges and universities in Connecticut , List of colleges and universities in Maine , List of colleges and universities in Massachusetts , List of colleges and universities in New Hampshire , List of colleges and universities in Rhode Island , and List of colleges and universities in Vermont.
Cuisine of New England. Literature of New England. Sports in New England. Transportation in New England. New England portal United States portal. Retrieved May 29, The American Heritage Dictionary. Retrieved March 28, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Retrieved December 14, Retrieved October 16, Retrieved August 17, Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia Archived from the original on November 1, Retrieved October 10, Archived copy as title link CS1 maint: Retrieved April 21, Asian Americans in New England: University of New Hampshire Press.
Retrieved October 12, Native Peoples in New England. The History of Norridgewock.
source link An Autohistory of the Abenaki Nation".
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